Co2 EXTRACTION – THE FUTURE
Cannabis oil distillates are arguably the future of cannabis concentrates. With unmatched purity and sheer versatility, distillate oils provide a clean and potent product with limitless application potential. When it comes to creating a CBD distillate, cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids are pulled from the vegetative material of the cannabis plant together though various extraction processes.
In order to distill these compounds into their purest form, additional layers of refinement must be executed. This process is known as “fractional” or “short path distillation.” These processes can produce single compound oils that can reach upwards of 99% purity. In order to isolate compounds such as CBD into a pure and viscous oil, there are multiple layers of refinement that must first occur. Given that THC as well as other cannabinoids and terpenes are volatile and have varying boiling points, they must first be separated from the cannabis plant via hydrocarbon or CO2 solvent-based extraction techniques.
This process removes the valuable and volatile compounds from the plant itself, while many lipids and other compounds remain. This necessitates further refinement through a process called winterization, whereby a solvent such as ethanol is used in order to remove these undesirable compounds. Apart from winterization, isolated cannabinoids must also undergo decarboxylation, by which the compounds are heated enough to activate their medicinal potential.
Finally, the material is run through a short path steam distillation or rational distillation chamber in a series of multiple passes to purify the CBD to its isolated state. Rigorous and frequent third party testing is followed to ensure that the critical attributes of taste, color, potency, and purity consistently meet quality control specifications for making phytocannabionoid-rich finished products.